This survey used a battery of questions often used in academic studies to assess respondents’ inclinations toward values in Moral Foundations Theory. Below is the specific set of questions we used to create variables for the moral foundation values in this study: care, fairness, loyalty, authority, and purity.
MFT1. WHEN YOU DECIDE WHETHER SOMETHING IS RIGHT OR WRONG, TO WHAT EXTENT ARE THE FOLLOWING CONSIDERATIONS RELEVANT TO YOUR THINKING?
Whether or not someone suffered emotionally
Whether or not some people were treated differently than others
Whether or not someone’s action showed love for his or her country
Whether or not someone showed a lack of respect for authority
Whether or not someone violated standards of purity and decency
Whether or not someone was good at math
Whether or not someone cared for someone weak or vulnerable
Whether or not someone acted unfairly
Whether or not someone did something to betray his or her group
Whether or not someone conformed to the traditions of society
Whether or not someone did something disgusting
Not at all relevant (This consideration has nothing to do with my judgments of right and wrong)
Not very relevant
Extremely relevant (This is one of the most important factors when I judge right and wrong)
MFT2. PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES AND INDICATE YOUR AGREEMENT OR DISAGREEMENT:
Compassion for those who are suffering is the most crucial virtue.
When the government makes laws, the number one principle should be ensuring that everyone is treated fairly.
I am proud of my country’s history.
Respect for authority is something all children need to learn.
People should not do things that are disgusting, even if no one is harmed.
It is better to do good than to do bad.
One of the worst things a person could do is hurt a defenseless animal.
Justice is the most important requirement for a society.
People should be loyal to their family members, even when they have done something wrong.
Men and women each have different roles to play in society.
I would call some acts wrong on the grounds that they are unnatural.
Journalism values questionnaire
The research team identified five basic core journalism values based on input from a small, diverse group of journalists currently in or helping news organizations. Below is the set of questions used to create the variables for the journalism values: oversight, transparency, factualism, giving voice to the less powerful, and social criticism.
JVALUE. Please read the following sentences and indicate your agreement or disagreement:
The powerful need to be monitored or they will be inclined to abuse their power
It’s important to put some trust in authority figures so they can do their jobs
It’s vital that the public know what government leaders are doing and saying each day
Leaders need to be able to do some things behind closed doors to fulfill their duties
The more facts people have, the more likely it is they will get to the truth
A lot of the time you know enough about something and more facts don’t help
For most things, knowing what’s true is a matter of gathering evidence and proof
For a lot of things that matter, facts only get you so far
A society should be judged by how it treats its least fortunate
Sometimes favoring the least fortunate doesn’t actually help them
It’s important to offer a voice to the voiceless
Inequalities will always exist and you can’t eliminate them
We need to put a spotlight on problems in society in order to solve them
Too much focus on what’s wrong can make things worse
The way to make a society stronger is through criticizing what’s wrong
The way to make a society stronger is through celebrating what’s right
On balance, it’s usually better for the public to know than for things to be kept secret
Sometimes the need to keep a secret outweighs the public’s right to know
Transparency is usually the best cure for what’s wrong in the world
Most problems can be addressed without putting embarrassing facts out in the open